Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics 2021-05-13T17:54:14+02:00 Miklós Könczöl Open Journal Systems <p><em>Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics</em>&nbsp;(IEEJSP) is a peer-reviewed journal promoting multidisciplinary and comparative thinking on Eastern and Central European societies in a global context. IEEJSP publishes research with international relevance and encourages comparative analysis both within the region and with other parts of the world. Founded by the Centre for Social Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences,&nbsp;and published currently by Centre for Social Sciences in Budapest, IEEJSP provides an international forum for scholars coming from and/or working on the region.</p> <p>Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics is indexed by Web of Science, Scopus,&nbsp;CEEOL, ERIH, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus.&nbsp; The evaluation process is at an advanced stage with ProQuest Sociological Abstracts, EBSCO, and DOAJ.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em>..............................................................................................................</p> <div id="content">&nbsp;</div> Discovered and Undiscovered Fields of Digital Politics 2021-05-13T17:54:14+02:00 Márton Bene Gabriella Szabó <p><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 601.875px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.82981);">The article reviews the main theoretical and empirical contributions about digital</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 620.803px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.810151);">news media and online political communication in Hungary. Our knowledge synthe</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 639.732px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.796258);">sis focuses on three specific subfields: citizens, media platforms, and political actors. </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 658.662px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.823861);">Representatives of sociology, political communication studies, psychology, and lin</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 677.59px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.802776);">guistics have responded to the challenges of the internet over the past two decades, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 696.52px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.805291);">which has resulted in truly interdisciplinary accounts of the different aspects of dig</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 715.448px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.81291);">italization in Hungary. In terms of methodology, both normative and descriptive ap</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 734.377px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.834448);">proaches have been applied, mostly with single case-study methods. Based on an </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 753.307px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.811858);">extensive review of the literature, we assess that since the early 2000s the internet </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 772.235px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.791464);">has become the key subject of political communication studies, and that it has erased </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 791.163px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.786673);">the boundaries between online and offline spaces. We conclude, however, that despite </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 810.093px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.823188);">the richness of the literature on the internet and politics, only a limited number of </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.808px; top: 829.022px; font-size: 16.6043px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.799526);">studies have researched citizens’ activity and provided longitudinal analyses.</span></p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Hungary as a Norm Entrepreneur in Migration Policy 2021-01-20T23:59:05+01:00 Veronika Czina <p>This paper analyses Hungary as a small state within the EU and the policy it applied during the refugee crisis of 2015/2016 that changed the landscape both on the European and Hungarian level. During the crisis, Hungary acted as a small, interest-maximizing Member State constrained by domestic political interests and it did not only refuse to participate in common European policy proposals to solve the crisis, but it also engaged in unilateral actions perceived as solutions, such as erecting a border wall on the Southern border of Hungary. This paper examines how Hungary acted during the refugee crisis with the help of small state theories. Presenting the events, legislative changes and discourses surrounding migration policy in the past years will show that Hungary managed to take advantage of the refugee crisis by acting as a norm entrepreneur which gave the Prime Minister the opportunity to articulate his own views and convictions about the right way to solve the crisis and also about the future of the EU as a whole. Many EU Member States joined Hungary in its migration strategy and so it became the leading country of the anti-immigration block in Europe.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Cyberbullying Prevention: Which Design Features Foster the Effectiveness of School-Based Programs? 2020-08-27T09:34:41+02:00 Aron Hajnal <p>Cyberbullying is a global phenomenon that affects 10-40 percent of youth (Hinduja and Patchin, 2014) and has severe consequences such as depression, anxiety or suicidal thoughts. There is a large and growing body of literature discussing and assessing programs aimed at preventing cyberbullying, to which the present article aims to contribute. My purpose was to examine whether prevention programs applying certain features – in particular, social-emotional learning, whole-school approach, mentoring and education on online safety and cyberbullying – are more effective than others. &nbsp;This ambition is novel in the cyberbullying literature. The analysis is based on the results of 23 impact evaluation articles that examined 15 school-based cyberbullying prevention programs or program variants. It was found that programs including social-emotional learning and mentoring are more effective in reducing perpetration, whereas those including education on e-safety and cyberbullying are more effective in reducing victimization. Policy implications and the limitations of the study are also discussed.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics New Politics of Morality in Central and Eastern Europe 2020-10-01T08:29:45+02:00 Zora Hesova <p>Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have recently witnessed a surge in protest, mobilisation, and debates about marriage, abortion, gender, and feminism. This politics of morality has been notably more successful in the East than in the West of Europe: Most CEE countries have legally or even constitutionally precluded any chance of adopting same-sex marriage, some have rejected the Istanbul agreement, and many parliaments have debated “gender” in a hostile manner. The rising conservative voice in politics appears to signal a sort of illiberal, conservative turn in post-Communist EU member states. This article intends aims to explore the phenomenon of morality politics in itself, that is looking at the actors, strategies, discourse, and the contexts of individual types of mobilisations. Identifying contextual and transnational factors of the relative success of morality politics in CEE allows to avoid the sole perspective of a culturalist explanation and to analyse the instrumental nature of morality mobilisations.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Embarrassing Stories 2020-11-28T01:07:42+01:00 István H. Szilágyi <p>‘Legal storytelling’ is one of the most contested area of the interdisciplinary research field of ‘law and literature’, which has taken shape in the political and legal context of the United States originally. The proponents of ‘legal storytelling’ endeavour to ‘give voice’ to groups and minorities of disadvantageous social position by ‘telling’ – by hearing and publicizing, in fact – their stories unheard by law. However, many lawyers doubt that these everyday life, often trivial, stories carry any legally relevant content, while literati question their aesthetical value. The essay argues against these doubts leaning on the material of focus group interviews recorded in a recent research on the Hungarians’ legal consciousness. It aims to expose the important role that these everyday life stories play in legal culture on the one hand, and, on the other hand, that the analysis of these uncanonised, not-belletristic texts could be fruitful indeed. For this, the first part of the essay offers a survey on how the concept of ‘legal culture’ emerged in Hungarian legal theoretical thinking, and how the sociological researches, in which the presented ordinary stories were recorded, connected to that. After analysing several story-bits taken from two focus group participants’ narrations, the attention turns to stories told by the ‘greats’, that is by writers, and here enters Franz Kafka in the scope. The last part of the essay seeks to determine what relates the two kinds – the ordinary and the literary – of narratives and what are the differences between them. For a conclusion, it emphasizes that this essay can be seen only as an intuitive theoretical experience for using aesthetic notions in analysing empirical sociological data rather than a methodologically well-founded application of that. The basic idea of this experiment is that both law and aesthetics are permeated by moral, and social psychological constituents.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics A Sin or a Health Issue? 2020-08-14T13:22:44+02:00 Iga Katarzyna Jeziorska <p>Aims. There are significant differences in harm reduction services availability and performance in various countries. The paper examines the state of one of the harm reduction interventions – needle exchange services – through the lenses of morality policy, attempting to establish possible relationships between policy framing and policy outcomes. Method. The research uses an explorative design with cross-country comparison. The unit of analysis is drug policy in a country, and the geographical scope includes Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, following the maximum variation case selection procedure. Countries’ drug strategies are analysed to identify the policy frames and data on needle exchange programmes are used to assess the state of harm reduction. Results. The analysis identified health and social drug policy framing in Czechia and Slovakia, morality frame in Hungary and no frame in Poland. The availability of availability and coverage of needle exchange programmes is the highest in Czechia, followed by Slovakia, Hungary and Poland. Conclusions. The Hungarian case confirms the relationship between morality framing and poor policy outcomes, while the Czech case between health framing and effective policy. Further research is needed to establish the function of morality framing as necessary and/or sufficient condition for unsatisfactory policy outcomes.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Lithuania’s Minority Representation in the European Parliament: Just Poles? 2020-11-28T01:03:29+01:00 Kiryl Kascian <p>The article analyzes the capacities and channels of Lithuania's minority representation in the European Parliament. Possible minority representation can potentially be achieved through representation of minorities in the electoral lists of Lithuania's mainstream parties or by self-organization around minority coalition led by the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance&nbsp;(EAPL-CFA). However, these two channels demonstrate two different outcomes. First, the article discusses the role of minority representatives in the mainstream parties focusing on the cases of Viktor Uspaskich and Leonidas Donskis. It is followed by the analysis of the electoral performances&nbsp;of the EAPL-CFA with the emphasis on the party’s general political capacities, abilities to keep its current and attract the new electorate, and the leadership issues taking into account personalistic factors and a series of scandals that happened in 2018 and involved the leadership of the Union of Poles in Lithuania.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics The Transnationalization of Ethno-nationalism 2020-08-25T16:27:12+02:00 Petra Mlejnková <p>The Identitarian movement, a radical-right movement active in a number of European countries, desires to unite European nationalists in international action. Nevertheless, the theory claims that the latter ideology is based on nativism. This might create internal ideological conflict between nativism versus transnationalism. The article offers a qualitative analysis of how the movement solves the issue of identity framing on the transnational level. This is a question of how the ethno-nationalist message is transformed to the transnational level, and how national needs are translated into transnational ones. The findings show that the Identitarian movement constructs a two-fold identity – a national one and a European one; and operates with three types of identity framing, thereby building a complex picture of a common past, present, and future. All three frames always act to maintain a balance between both identities, and always work with the language of civilization. Such framing, then, might lead to the successful mobilization of international resources and turn ideas into action.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Book Review 2021-05-11T09:52:00+02:00 István Benedek 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics Class, State, and Dependency in the European Semi-Periphery 2021-05-11T09:54:05+02:00 András Bozóki 2021-05-13T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics